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GENERAL INFORMATION PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 23 December 2015 16:40

As part of energy-related cooperation between the Republic of Kazakhstan, the United States of America, and the United Kingdom, the first and only Transportation Control Center (TCC) not only in Kazakhstan, but in the entire Central Asian Region was founded on 14 September 2015 at the Atomic Energy Institute, part of the Republic of Kazakhstan National Nuclear Center.

The primary goal of the TCC is to provide safety in the transportation of nuclear and other radioactive materials. The activities of the TCC are regulated by a government license to «Provide physical protection during the shipment of nuclear material and radioactive substances.»

The necessity for such a Center arose from the need to monitor and track shipments of nuclear and other radioactive materials, to centralize operational coordination, to reduce response time to incidents associated with nuclear security, and to detect and prevent the illegal trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials.

The TCC opening ceremony included participation by representatives of the Nuclear Security Department (under the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry of Energy’s Committee for Nuclear and Energy Oversight and Monitoring), as well as the US Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the Nuclear Technology Safety Center.

Creation of the TCC was coordinated by the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry of Energy’s Committee for Nuclear and Energy Oversight and Monitoring, the US Department of Energy’s Office of Global Material Security, the US National Nuclear Security Administration, the UK Ministry of Energy and Climate Change’s Global Threat Reduction Program, and the Republic of Kazakhstan Nuclear Technology Safety Center.

Physical Protection for Nuclear Material and Ionizing Radiation Sources During Transportation

At present, navigation control technologies for pinpointing the location of vehicles are rapidly developing. Technological progress and market demand give rise to numerous satellite monitoring organizations. The Transportation Control Center has a unique place among them. It must once again be noted that the primary purpose of the Transportation Control Center is to provide safety specifically for radioactive shipments. This activity falls under national government oversight and entails particular requirements for licensing. Another significant advantage of the TCC is the principle of its approach to providing safety. Transportation Control Center personnel undergo rigorous background checks and have the appropriate technical qualifications and work experience in operational coordination. Personnel from the TCC are directly liable for divulging limited access information. TCC equipment provides robust protection at all security levels, directly at the TCC facilities, on vehicles, and in packages. The procedures carried out in TCC activities are subject to a process for authorized access to TCC facilities, identification of Center staff with access to shipment information, a process for providing safety, procedures for coordination with shipping companies, security and response forces, law enforcement agencies, and other concerned parties when providing nuclear security during transportation, as well as compilation of a Safety Plan and a Response Plan, development of primary and backup routes, and analysis of each separate shipment.

The Transportation Control Center is, in a sense, the heart of the whole transportation process, whose viability depends directly on the capabilities and procedures described above.

The full operation of the TCC will result in assistance to licensed shipping companies in satellite monitoring of all radioactive shipments in Kazakhstan, which in turn prevents unauthorized actions against the cargo.


 

 
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